After South America, the Bioeconomy Conference in 2021 will again focus on the developments of the bioeconomy in Europe. The partner region is as diverse as the bioeconomy itself. The Baltic Sea countries range from Finland, Denmark and Poland to the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania). The focus of these countries is also very different due to their mineral resources and agricultural conditions. At this year's conference, Finland, Sweden and Poland from the Baltic Sea region will present themselves.
Germany occupies a leading international position in the field of bioeconomy. In 2010, the German government published its National Bioeconomy Research Strategy. It was followed in 2013 by the Bioeconomy Policy Strategy, in which the main goals include a sustainable agricultural policy, the industrial use of renewable raw materials and energy sources based on biomass. In addition, the BMBF has declared 2020/21 the "Bioeconomy Science Year".
In Finland, the high volume of wood in the form of coniferous forests is the central resource of the bioeconomy. The Finnish government is strongly committed to a bio-based economy, especially in the agricultural, forestry, chemical and food sectors. Since 2014 the government has published a policy strategy on the bioeconomy. However, the bioeconomy in Finland benefits not only from its strength in wood processing, but also from its long experience in industrial biotechnology. Enzymes for industrial applications in the food and feed, paper, textile and chemical industries are now one of the export hits. The main starting material for the products is Finnish barley.
In the largest economy in Northern Europe (Sweden), the paper, chemical, energy and automotive industries are very strong. However, due to the large amount of timber and the government's policy strategy, the future potential in the bioeconomy also lies in bioenergy. A research and innovation strategy for a bio-based economy has been published by the government of Sweden in 2012.
Poland has mostly an agricultural infrastructure and focuses on the production of biomass and its processing in the bioeconomy sector. In 2014 a national bioeconomy committee was formed. However, there is currently no national strategy.
All in all, the developments of the bioeconomy in these regions are very exciting and we look forward to varied and interesting contributions at the Bioeconomy Conference 2021.
Source: <https://biooekonomie.de/article-map> (requested: 06.02.2020)